MMFC:Lists/Music notation types

From Manual - MMFC. Medieval Manuscripts in Flemish Collections


Term Definition Example
Neumes Early type of music notation used in Carolingian and post-Carolingian liturgical manuscripts. This type of music notation is characterized by symbols written above the text of the psalm/hymns.The signs used to represent the melodies consist of dots or short strokes to depict separate notes or longer strokes representing two or more notes.
Gent, Universiteitsbibliotheek, HS.0244, fol. viii r.
Staff notation The music notation is written on a set of (mostly four) horizontal lines with interlinear space that all represent a different music pitch. Regional variety is present in regard to the depiction of the notes.
Brugge, Archief van het Grootseminarie Ten Duinen, Ms. 48/3, fol. 166r
Hufnagelschrift A type of music notation that was typically used in the German territories. The notes, written on a staff, are angular and resemble horseshoe nails, hence the name.
Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod.Sang. 541 fol. 1r
Square notation A type of music notation with the notes, written on a four-lined staff resemble square blocks.
Gent, Universiteitsbibliotheek, HS.1576, fol. 10r.
Tablature A type of music notation, commonly used for plucked string instruments, that records the position of the fingers on the strings rather than the melodies.
Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod.Sang. 530 fol. vi r.